About J. M. Roberts
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The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century

The History of the World, 191 to the Present

» J. M. Roberts

Penguin
Paperback : 31 Aug 2000

£16.99

Synopsis

This dazzling overview of a turbulent century explores both dramatic events and underlying trends. Despite a terrible two-stage 'European civil war' and the traumatic rise and fall of communism, wealth has increased dramatically alongside a four-fold leap in population, women's lives have been transformed, America has assumed undisputed political and cultural leadership - and China is now clearly awaiting its moment. J. M. Roberts's earlier Penguin History of the World was a publishing landmark which informed and delighted readers all over the planet. The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century is equally powerful, international and definitive.

Table of contents

The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century List of Maps
Foreword

Book 1: The World of 1901: Inheritances

1. By Way of Introduction
Our Century — The weight of the past — The different pasts of 1901 — The 'civilized' world — Culture and hegemony — 'One-half of the human species' — Ideas with a future — The scientific legacy — Movers and shakers

2. Structures
Human numbers — The world's wealth —Commerce — States and governments — Monarchy — Non-western government — Islamic empires — The Unites States of America — Latin America — The international order: power and great powers — Potential for change

3. The White Man's World
Empires and imperialism — The European empires — Idealism, interests and imagination — Settlers and natives — Imperialism and international relations: the 'Scramble for Africa' — Asian and Pacific empire — The imperial Unites States — The South African war

4. Shapes of Things to Come
Long-term demography — The divisions of humanity — A century of growing wealth — An industrializing world — New technology — Medical science — Communication — Mass communication — Changing mentalities — Acceleration and integration

Book 2: The Last Years of the European Ascendancy

5. European Exceptionalism
Europeans — Privilege and unrest — Socialism — Mass politics and nationalism — Constitutional governments — The German empire — Dynasticism — Religion in European life — Tensions and strains — Women in Europe

6. Europe as a System of Power
International order — Alliances and entanglements — The dissatisfied and dangerous — The appearance of security — New alignments — Deepening divisions — Young Turks — Russia's changing stance — Agadir and after — The Balkan wars

7. Challenges and Challengers in the Making
Change and perceptions of change in Asia — The new Japan — The end of the Chinese empire — The European empires in the Far East — Indo-China and Indonesia — India under the Raj — India enters the twentieth century — Egypt and the other end of Ottoman Africa — Ottoman empire east of Suez — New actors in the imperial drama

8. The Great War and the Beginning of the Twentieth-century Revolution
The last crisis — The end of an age — The Great War — The changing world — 1917 — Revolutionary war — Triumphs of nationality — The Ottoman collapse — The end of the first German war

Book 3: The End Of The Old World Order

9. A Revolutionary Peace
The basis of settlement — The League — The international economy — Economic disorder in Europe — Democracy and nationality — Revolution and counter-revolution — The new Germany — International communism — The new Russian empire — A new autocracy — A world divided

10. Years of Illusion
A last flourish of empire — Kemal Atatürk — Iran — New currents in Europe's politics — An authoritarian wave — New uncertainties — The optimistic years — Locarno and after — An eastern enigma — The United States

Book 4: World Revolution

11. An Emerging Global History
The world depression — Asia in the era of European civil war — The sequel to the Chinese revolution — Japan — The peace settlements and Asia — Chinese communism — Japanese dynamism — Civil war in China — The turning tide in India — The United States — Latin America

12. The Path to World War
The approach to the abyss — The Manchurian crisis — The China 'incident' — Indo-China and Indonesia between the wars — The German problem — Adolf Hitler — The German revolution — The crumbling balance of power — Ideology's contamination of international affairs — Towards a new German war: the Spanish Civil War — Hitler moves beyond the German lands

13. The Second World War
From Blitzkrieg to Barbarossa — German Europe — World war — The conflation of wars — Global conflict 1941-5 — The meaning of victory

Book Five: A New World

14. Appearance and Reality
Europe: amid the ruins — The framework of recovery — Reconstruction — Great power realities — Friction — The Truman doctrine and the Marshall Plan

15. The Cold War Unrolls
Roots of conflict — The Berlin crisis and NATO — New nations: the beginnings of decolonization — Indian independence — The last throes of the Chinese revolution — Imperial realities in 1945 — Indo-China — The running sore of the Ottoman Succession — Cold and hot war in Asia: Korea — Stalin's legacy — A divided Europe in a dividing world

16. East Asia Reshaped
After empire — The Indian sub-continent — The 'Third World' — Indonesia — The new China — China's re-emergence as a world power — The great steersman — Resurgent Japan

17. Africa and the Near East: Old and New Problems
Past history, new facts — Pre-independence Africa — The independence process in Black Africa — South Africa and Rhodesia — Disapppointment and disillusion — Arab and Jew — The Egyptian revolution and after — Algerian independence

Book 6: Shifting Foundations

18. Changing Minds
New ways of seeing the world — The management of the natural world — Power — Communications and information technology — The life sciences — Medical science — Space and the public imagination — Promise and misgiving — Facing new issues

19. New Economic and Social Worlds
In the long run — Europe's 'golden age' — Eastern Europe — World contrasts — Changing lifestyles — The oil crisis and after — Structural changes — Cultural consequences in a wealthier world — Globalization

20. Authority and Its New Challengers
A liberating century — Dissolving certainty — Religion in the later twentieth century — Government, democracy and nationalism — Challenges to the state — Women — The Pill — New waves — Women in the non-western world — Youth

Book 7. A Changing World Balance

21. The Cold War at Its Height
After Stalin — The second Berlin crisis — Latin America enters world politics — Cuba — The aftermath in Latin America — The changing USSR — The changing United States

22. Vietnam and After
The American entanglement — The changing Asian context — Oil and the Israel problem — The Iranian revolution — Islam in international affairs — An uneasy Latin America

23. The Reshaping of Europe
Seeds of unity — The division of Europe — National interests — Ostpolitik — The path to Helsinki — The British crisis

Book 8: The End Of An Era

24. A World in Evolution
The last years of Chairman Mao — New patterns — Japan: the new world power — The Indian democracy — Africa's enduring problems

25. Crumbling Certainties
Seeds of doubt — American misgivings — Disordered Islam — The last phase of Cold War — Changing eastern Europe — Polish revolution — The crumbling of the Soviet system — A new Germany

26. Post Cold War Realities
The Gulf War — Persisting dangers — The end of the Soviet Union — A new Russia — New European security problems — The end of Yugoslavia — Nationality and ethnicity in the new Europe — European integration — Qualified re-orientation: the United Kingdom — Changes in China — Tiananmen

27. Fin-de-siècle
Problems of peacekeeping — Europe after Maastricht — A common currency — Enlarging Europe — A troubled Far East — The Indian sub-continent — The United States at the end of the century — Pax Americana

28. Retrospect
Historical importance — The great upheavals — The mythology of human happiness — Mastery of the material world — The first world civilization — Today's political world — Conclusion

Appendix: The Exploration of Space
Index

Product details

Format : Paperback
ISBN: 9780140276312
Size : 129 x 198mm
Pages : 928
Published : 31 Aug 2000
Publisher : Penguin

Other formats for The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century:
» ePub eBook: eBook : £10.00

The Penguin History of the Twentieth Century

The History of the World, 191 to the Present

» J. M. Roberts

£16.99


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