Winston S. Churchill (1874–1965), was Prime Minister of Britain in war (1940–5) and peace (1951–5). After completing his education at Harrow and the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, he spent six years in the army. He served as a Member of Parliament from 1901 until 1963. His published works include memoirs of his childhood and of both world wars, 22 volumes of speeches, 6 volumes of collected published articles, and one novel, Savrola. In 1953 he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. In 1908 he married Clementine Hozier; they had four daughters and one son. Sir Martin Gilbert, one of Britain’s leading historians, is the author of more than eighty books, including six volumes of the Churchill Biography and eleven volumes of Churchill documents. His other books include Churchill: A Life, The First World War, The Second World War, A History of the Twentieth Century, and twelve historical atlases, including Atlas of the Second World War. He is an Honorary Fellow of Merton College, Oxford. In 2009 he was appointed a Privy Councillor, and a member of the British Government’s Iraq Inquiry. Sir Martin Gilbert can be contacted on his website: www.martingilbert.com.