Image: Penguin

Image: Penguin

When the film The Sixth Sense came out in China, promoters decided not to translate the title literally; they wanted the posters to give a little more story. In the end, they went with ‘He’s a Ghost’.

Thankfully, when it comes to books plot twists are usually kept under wraps. And as we all know, nothing hits the spot like a masterful narrative shift, just at the moment you were least expecting it.

We haven’t spoiled them here, so read on for eight of the finest plot twists ever. Then read the novels to see what we’re on about.

Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk (1996)

The plot: An insomniac drifts through life, trapped in the shady penumbra of his own sanity. He can't sleep, he can't think. He's a slave to his mundane existence. So, in a bid to alleviate his crippling anomie, he starts crashing support groups for the dying, pretending he too is terminally ill (which he is, in a way). But then he meets Tyler Durden, a charismatic soap salesman with a zest for life and a penchant for anarchy. Together, they launch Fight Club, a secret band of disenfranchised men who find freedom, brotherhood and identity in violence. But soon, both men fall for a woman named Maria, and their perfect partnership is tested to the limit in this dazzling meditation on male identity, support-group culture and violence.

The twist: If there is one “it was all a dream” twist that actually works, this is it. Or was it a dream? Is Tyler Durden real? Or just a product of our hero's wild and terrifying psychosis? It is hard to think of a more perception-shattering finale to any book than this.

Never Let Me Go by Kazuo Ishiguro (2005)

The plot: Kathy, Ruth, and Tommy are students at Hailsham, a prestigious boarding school buried deep in the English countryside. It's far from the Dickens school of educational establishments: there are no beatings, sadistic housemasters, or gruel. Their physical health is paramount – no smoking, good food and lots of exercise. But from the outset, we know, there's something special about these children. There's a whiff of Kafka in the air. They have no parents, no surnames, and are forbidden from leaving the school grounds. Any contact with the outside world, in fact, is strictly forbidden. So why are they there?

The twist: Not all terrific twists need to come at the end. Actually, the first one comes fairly early on. But when it does, it's a jaw-slackening doozy. They're human clones being harvested for their organs. The only way out of their fate, they believe, is to prove that they're humans who are capable of love. So the three spend their days trying to save themselves before they are harvested to death. Ruth doesn't make it, leaving Kathy and Tommy, who finally find their old school mistress, who gives them some earth-shattering news. It's an ending you may not want, but will never forget.

Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier (1938)

In this dark and soapy romance, a young, shy, and anonymous orphan gets swept off her feet by a much older – and colder – English gent called Maxim de Winter. She marries him (why, it's hard to tell; he's not a fun guy), before moving into his grand country pile, Manderley.

But soon she finds neither she, nor the vast house, can shake the haunting spectre of Maxim's dead wife, Rebecca. The servants, still loyal to Rebecca's memory, go out of their way to make the new Mrs de Winter feel inferior and unwelcome. Rebecca was a vivacious beauty, they repeatedly remind her, and no new model could ever compete. Our heroine is nothing but a thorn in Rebecca's memory, and her marriage to Maxim a stain on the great family. Maxim could never love her like he loved Rebecca. Could he?

The twist: Here is a psychological thriller that twists and turns like a python in a sack. The moment you think you know where the characters stand, Du Maurier sweeps the rug with a juddering snap. Was Rebecca the paragon of virtue, as we are at first led to believe? Did Maxim really love her? And how, exactly, did she die? Once the snake's out of the bag, it bites you right in the brain.

Great Expectations by Charles Dickens (1861)

The plot: We've all read it, or watched it: Pip, a young orphan brought up by his big sister and her bigger-hearted blacksmith husband in a Kent village, dreams of becoming a city gent. Two chance encounters change his life. First, with Magwitch, a gruff escaped convict on the run from the law. Then, with Miss Havisham, one of the most memorable characters in all of literature – an embittered old prune of a woman who wears only a moth-eaten wedding dress and lives in a crumbling mansion where all the clocks are stopped at the exact time she was jilted at the altar. Before long, Pip's prayers are answered as he inherits a vast fortune (his “great expectations”) that enables him to cross into the high life. Good times. But from where did said fortune come?

The twist: Dickens, as in all his stories, treats his plot just as Jaggers, Pip's guardian, treats Miss Havisham in her wheelchair: he pushes it along with “one of his large hands” while holding “the other in his trousers-pocket as if the pocket were full of secrets". For Dickens’ storytelling is a game of smoke and shadows, and Pip spends most of his life believing Miss Havisham gave him the money. Unless it came from a far darker, and far more surprising source...

And Then There Were None by Agatha Christie (1939)

The plot: It might seem trite to add an Agatha Christie mystery in a list of twists. She was, after all, the Picasso of unexpected turns – a grand master in the art of the literary rug-pull. But this deserves a place by a simple virtue: it's the most successful book she ever wrote, and one of the biggest-selling books of all time. Ten guests receive a mysterious invitation to a luxurious island resort by a mysterious U. N. Owen (a play on ‘unknown’?). They are all strangers, with one thing in common (first twist): they're all murderers in one shape or form. Then, over the next two days, they start dropping like... well, not flies, but the Ten Little Soldier Boys in what must be the bleakest children's nursery rhyme ever written (just Google it): chopping wood in one's sleep, hanging, etc. As they die, one by one, the survivors try to work out who could be the killer. But soon, they're all dead, and it's over to Scotland Yard.

The twist: Billed as 'the famous detective story without a detective', there are twists aplenty in this tale, building layer upon layer of social and psychological complexities onto the country-house mystery trope. But the biggest one, of course, is who actually dunnit? You already know the killer – it's Christie, duh! – you've known them all along.

Life of Pi by Yann Martel (2001)

The plot: A 16-year-old boy named Pi and his zookeeping family set sail with their animals from India to Canada to escape the political instability of 1970s India. But, when the ship sinks, only four survivors make it aboard the only lifeboat that floats: Pi, an injured zebra, an orangutan, a hyena and a seasick tiger called Richard Parker. There, they must survive until rescue, dry land or death. Before long, the politics of the animal kingdom being as they are, only Pi and the tiger are left alive. So Pi resolves, rather than kill or be killed, to tame Richard Parker, “'because if he died I would be left alone with despair, a foe even more formidable than a tiger.” There begins a staggeringly beautiful existential ordeal-slash-seafaring adventure that sailed away with the Booker Prize in 2002. At one point, they reach a meerkat-infested island surrounded by carnivorous seaweed, which together they survive before heading back out to sea. After 227 days at sea they are finally washed up in Mexico.

The twist: No one believes Pi's psychedelic story. So he tells officials another story – with no animals, but with the ship's cook (the hyena), a Taiwanese sailor with a broken leg (zebra), and his own mother (orangutan). In that version, Pi is the tiger and his story was merely an elaborate metaphor. Or was it?

Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë (1847)

The plot: Jane is a “plain” and naive but fiercely intelligent girl brought up by her cruel, browbeating aunt. How she longs to find love and live happily ever after. Enter Mr Rochester, with his brooding looks, all dash and flair. He's aloof at first, rude even, when Jane takes a job at his mansion as a live-in governess for Rochester's precocious French ward, Adele. But he's a single man, and she's a single woman, and this is a romance novel after all, so soon he mellows into the perfect gent. Love blooms and the proposal Jane's been waiting for finally arrives. But then... the wedding!

The twist: “If either of you know any impediment why ye may not lawfully be joined together in matrimony, ye do now confess it...” goes the vicar. But unlike, presumably, every other wedding you've ever been to, there is no ironic titter from the back pews before the vicar declares them man and wife. Rochester’s been harbouring a secret that begets a plot twist runway for the story to really take off.

The Nickel Boys by Colson Whitehead (2019)

The plot: Elwood Curtis lives in New York City now, but when the horrific story of the school he attended as a boy – its secret graveyard for dead students, its treatment of Black children – is revealed by the media, he knows he’ll have to return to Florida. From there, Colson Whitehead’s (second) Pulitzer Prize-winning novel tells the story of Elwood’s plight, starting in the 1960s when he was a smart Black boy from Tallahassee headed for a bright future. Elwood keeps his head up, even when he’s wrongly accused of a crime and sentenced to a year at the corrective institute called The Nickel School, but the school’s abhorrent treatment of its students eventually wears him down and changes his life forever.

The twist: The prologue and epilogue of The Nickel Boys are both set in the present, and the epilogue reveals just how deeply the mistreatment stayed with the school’s students – not to mention a twist so deep that it re-contextualises the prologue and Elwood’s entire life and legacy.


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