charles darwin

1. It took Charles Darwin, an English naturalist, 20 years to write and publish his original book On the Origin of Species that explained the process of evolution.

2. No two animals are the same, even if they belong to the same species.

3. There are over 340 breeds of dog, yet they all come from one kind of wild wolf that existed many years ago.

4. Humans share the same five-fingered bone structure in their hands with lots of other animals that have paws, wings or flippers, such as lemurs and bats.

similar bone structure in humans and animals

5. Many of the pets, farm animals and garden flowers we see today are the result of human choice. For example, farmers would have chosen to breed the chickens that lay the best eggs, and gardeners would have encouraged the most beautiful plants to grow.

6. The slightest difference in colour or design can help an animal or plant live, survive and reproduce better in the wild. This is known as natural selection.

7. Instinct is another important part of natural selection. For example, most birds know they must travel to warmer places to survive during winter.

different variations in species

8. If animals and plants did not compete to survive, the earth would be covered by the offspring of a single pair.

9. Little changes within one species can add up and create a whole new species.

10. But often these changes happen over thousands of years. So, it’s hard to see evolution happening with our own eyes.

fossils show extinct species

11. Fossils are evidence of extinct species. However, perfect conditions are needed for fossils to form.

12. We are able to see from fossils that dinosaurs, woolly mammoths and dodos lived many years ago. But we’ll never really know all of the weird and wonderful species that previously existed!

dolphins are related to mammals

13. Although they both live underwater, dolphins evolved from mammals whereas sharks evolved from fish ancestors.

14. Humans, animals, plants, insects and even bacteria, all descend from the first living things that ever came to be.

15. At one point in time, whales walked on land! 


  • On The Origin of Species

  • The first ever picture-book retelling of Charles Darwin's On The Origin of Species; this accessible work brings evolution to the younger generation through stylish illustrations and a simple, easy-to-understand text.

    On The Origin of Species has been the definitive explanation of the theory of evolution since it was first published in 1859. Now molecular biologist and illustrator Sabina Radeva unites her two passions to create a 64-page retelling of this seminal text.

    Pulling together Darwin's observations from his travels around the world and his groundbreaking - and controversial - explanation of how species form, develop and change over hundreds of thousands of years, On The Origin of Species is as relevant and important now as it ever was.

  • Buy the book

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