Margaret Thatcher was Britain's longest-serving Prime Minister of the 20th Century and the only woman to have reached that position of power. Her policies and ideology were extremely influential, and have come to be known as 'Thatcherism'. First elected PM in May 1979, she oversaw several momentous historical events, including the Falkland War and the miner's strike, and served three terms before resigning after Michael Heseltine's leadership challenge in November 1990. Margaret Thatcher was given a life peerage in 1992. Following her retirement, she wrote three books: two volumes of autobiography, The Downing Street Years (1993) and The Path to Power (1995) and a book on politics and international relations, Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World (2002). She died in April 2013, aged 87.
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