Four Ways of Thinking

Four Ways of Thinking

Statistical, Interactive, Chaotic and Complex



'Packed with practical examples and insightful wisdom. . . A highly enjoyable and effective guide to better thinking' Sabine Hossenfelder

'I wish David Sumpter had been my maths teacher. I hated the subject at school. I hoover up his books now' Sunday Times

Acclaimed mathematician David Sumpter shows how we can deal with the chaos and complexity of our lives

What is the best way to think about the world? How often do we consider how our own thinking might impact the way we approach our daily decisions? Could it help or hinder our relationships, our careers, or even our health?

Thinking about thinking is something we rarely do, yet it is something science questions all the time. David Sumpter has spent decades studying what we could all learn from the mindsets of scientists, and Four Ways of Thinking is the result. Here he reveals the four easily applied approaches to our problems: statistical, interactive, chaotic and complex.

Combining engaging personal experience with practical advice and inspiring tales of ground-breaking scientific pioneers (with a tiny bit of number crunching along the way), Sumpter explains how these tried and tested methods can help us with every conundrum, from how to bicker less with our partners to pitching to a tough crowd - and in doing so change our lives.


  • All events have a mathematical element. Sumpter shows that happiness begins with a simple calculation, and explores how our brains spot patterns
    Simon Ings, Telegraph, Best Books of the Year

About the author

David Sumpter

David Sumpter is Professor of Applied Mathematics at the University of Uppsala, Sweden. He is the author of the international bestseller The Ten Equations that Rule the World as well as Soccermatics and Outnumbered which have been translated into ten languages. He has worked with a number of the world's biggest football clubs, advising on analytics.
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